һ ٶ

2019-04-18 14:51

dzЧ,Һ¡!?ɣ¬˵,غNatalyaشһ򵥵ġǡ̲Ǿƣ,Լ˵w档ɭʱڳﱴҵһϲĻ˵ᡣʱͻ죬оܺã§ڻװԴѹǰǽͺȴ裬˵̷Žҡϣ㲻Ҫ⡣

Ĺ˵Ϊ˺Ů˵мƵõҩһֱһ㡣칫ֽ͵绰ĿٴҹƣЬѣеƣߣ࣬Ƭ˾ƥ֣һˮ裬һ嵭ͺʹʲôҲʺϡʵʣһжʹ˷˻ӹϵѹû˵ģͷˡϾ,ûִԱʹڵϷӢԼʮӢԶԱᾴηʲôʼ??Ҳ֪˵Щʲô,ķҵһο,˹̩ɭձñ΢ЦŻشԼֱλúתѡ֪ǻ˶೤ʱ䵽

ʣƱϲӹ׵ݡյҪܻ˲ֵӪܲòվڿµСij΢ЦšԸЩֳײСȣѿᰮõ·ϵŵĴ³ˣܲòʮŹ·ĻС䶳̯ЩֻϲáԼ,Ŧ,2008һβɷHeikeLotze,ںԴ,ϵ,˹ѧ,˹˹ᡣ132ļ۸:Ұļ۸񲨶һ,ꡣ϶гҵ8Ԫһ,һʽ2007ŦԼfishmarketsƽ۸13Ԫһ137,Ȼ,ȶ:Ϲũ֯гݵĿɿԵҪڶ2001һƪڡȻ־,DR

˹ٲ£˹µϰȻɥӡڿҸıMontgomeryKingofFish19ͷȺ֮󣺵ͷȺԸϸڰᡤزи㣺Ϊܶʿ٣.׷֣197420ǹرҵ½رաҵ㲶̹رգոݣɽɽ±¡Ȼˬ¥ЬӣȻصɷӺҡ򿪷һյеơ˵ǿ̫ˡģ£ҵ񾭾Wheelerһĵߣ㲻˾ɥؼһֱΪȹ̵ˡ

ǰ˳ĸٹ·,ӽ׶ࡣֶ:ҿ,ΪDZһҡũͷؽijİ׶,ʶгԼעIJӺͷͷ¶,ͨ˯,쿪͹ر,ǵıͿЦĿ޺,ûӵġëճڵ粣,װζȻ塣Ϊ߾һҳ֮ǰǹ졣,ķ,ʱҵһο,ǵȴ̫һ̫̬ϡ˹̩ɭձñָͼ档׼ˡ

ౣ,ȷʵγһĻ,species-wideաڼЩ㽫Ϊҵֻ㹻Ŀ,Ӧñ,ĸ߷͵͹Ƚµ241ڵ:ЩԼɪ˵Ȩ,ICCATĿѧίԱǰ,Ͳο3/5Эϲ֮,ū3/5ֱʾĿġ244,ˮݡ¸ҵĵԳӰĵ:ָεĹ滮޹˾(2004)ʹ۲Ŀ:ܽᱨ,GalianoоȪ245󺣵:˹ﺣʧէѧާ(morya),󺣵,ާ֧էܧ(moryeprodukty),Ʒ,Ҳʹá꣬ȴһѾܳʱˣ˵߰ɣȥɣȥɣҪиǻ㿪ء

ܾǰٻص˳ΪƬ֮ʱûаΪϷĺڽ˵ѾˡŶǶȻҵһжˡţ̩ʹЦŤŤģŤŤģˡСȺԸ߶ɫƺĿĵй䡣һЩеվµȡһЩ˶Դ򲻰ǻ

ҸĻָʱۣһЩ˶ԣҸӵûرḻΪĵͲȣҸӵĺӿ൱ƫϡGephardΪӵδ󲿷ֵڴʵγȷΧڡǸЩֿõϢȺƣŷ޽Ӵ֮ǰGephard2009дңȻÿѧеIJͻرϢػ㡣40ÿ000ˡƺҲõĹǺϡˣʷǰʷΪ´ٵIJͬص嵥ԼԿʧƶϡղɭûṩʷ֣ϴαʱڣԼ½99%ҵ֮½33ܿˡӵάӣܿˡӵά20076ȥĪɿк󲻾þ뿪Kwik'pakΪ˾35㲻Ӧ붯ﲻͬδ19:1936ѡҶԶַܽҪǴJayL.óġ

43޵ijɫƬΪȫ桢Ȥһ´Ųʼӵƻֳȳôڱ𴦣AslakBergeȣʷŲݴά200544ΪֳֳˮֳתʣRosamondL.յȣԴʱֳҵڹҿѧԺѧ1063699գ82009۱ϩһ,ҿʵԡijͺ,ʯ׳ҴҵĴָûдϡʾIJƸ,΢;˵ġһܹĺ·,Ҫάһ³,ûһ˿Ĵʲô?뵽AlveronThrepe˵Ļ:ḻĹ

ƺҲõĹǺϡԶ޷֤һ㣬õѧƺһƸе⡣17ֻбּѪ֯˳ԵĶ_-3֬ѧе2009FredericT.BarrowsоѧңũҵֳվHagerman֤18ڲǰڸǨ㣬ʷDavidR.ҵMontgomeryĽǧ㣨ţWestVIEW鼮2003JamesA.Lichatowichûк㣺̫ƽΣʷʢ٣磬1999ȻͼǿŵĽֶͣٴ׶ͿĻ϶뵽̧ͷһ,ʾ⼪ķӵһߡ˹̩ɭձñ,Աָӹٵһൽ,һηСط,ֻйԱ͹Աڰ칫ռװsimulated-wood-grainӺͨõɫļ񷿼ҪԡǽϱݺһɻƬ,ʿռվ,˹̩ɭձñƯʿռվʵģ,,ӺӵƬͥƬ,û,û˹̩ɭձñǻļˡ

14658תʿԵģũͿѧҾʹòͬĴʩȷϵũʹøأιĸϿ̬ѧڹ۲ʪʱտʼιʳʵ13ȻѡϵGarrettHardinõ£ر硰״ηڡѧ־ϣ1623859ʮ£131968P.1243http://www.garretthardinsociety.org/./art_tragedy_of_the_commons.htmlɷʡ16ڶ࿵Ҹ壺йؿҸʷٷ򡤸ҵ£ҸDEP½ҵŵԴƻΡ

ǰ,,˸,ǵ۾,ÿɽ塣ᡣϲһܽ:˵ġϰַ߰ҵneck-resting,ֻܽᡣӦÿʼһʯ԰,ΪʹɱЩֲʯȻڡЦ˵͵˵ɿ,˵ھʯİ,ҿԹ顣

ܸоЦһשһ,Ӳÿ˶һש:ֻľ,ͳ,Ƶռҵע˽СʱҴҵ١Ѿdz,жҵ֡

Һķ˹жũ,ʵѡַΪҵҪ,ͺۺܵ,ʹøߵַҰ,ΪûҵֵҰʽ234KonaKampachiʾ,һ˹֡:˾ǽܳNaomichiYasuda,˾YasudaĴߡ240,ijϵͳ,ǹ,ҸȤIJ,ʧ:Щǹҵɻע,Ȼ2009ǹ㲶ǿµ,2010Ĵ,Ȿ鸶ӡ֮ǰ,һλܳǹ㷢˱ûмͼҵ½,Щֵܳ,ʱһ10ļ,һͷspawing档ô಻ȷ,˺ܶնˡԸõбȵĿĵظ˼Ǿfranchises-smilingṩԼ̳岿λ,ŴīըױˮǰԼɼ,еһ޴ĭˮũ徰յĻ

롣ʱԺͳЦϵ۵֮һҡ̵ָܵķҷ˸,оҵĴײҵͷǡʱͻ죬оܺã§ڻװԴѹǰǽͺȴ裬˵̷Žҡϣ㲻Ҫ⡣صڱˣǾͲŶӳˡǻһٺͣΪԤư˵ᵽ˹

Ľ߹۵㣬ٶϵȨټҺŷδɲתء